Physis: Photography tours in Costa Rica you'll never forget

5 Exotic Birds Exclusive in Costa Rica: Discover Costa Rica’s Unique Avian Wonders

Dive into the vibrant world of Costa Rica's unique birdlife. Discover five exotic birds that are a photographer's dream, from the radiant Scarlet Macaw to the enigmatic Bare-necked Umbrellabird. Perfect your photography against the backdrop of Central America's natural splendor

Costa Rica, a jewel in Central America’s crown, is a haven for bird enthusiasts. Its diverse ecosystems provide the perfect backdrop for some of the world’s most unique avian species. Dive deeper into the fascinating world of five exotic birds exclusive to Costa Rica.

1. Resplendent Quetzal

  • Appearance: The Resplendent Quetzal boasts iridescent green plumage, a striking red chest, and a long tail feather that can measure up to 65 cm in males.
  • Habitat: These birds prefer the cool climate of the cloud forests, especially in Monteverde.
  • Diet: Their diet mainly consists of fruits, especially wild avocados, but they also consume insects and small frogs.
  • Significance: Revered in many Central American cultures, the Quetzal is a symbol of freedom and wealth.


2. Scarlet Macaw

  • Appearance: This large parrot is adorned with bright red, yellow, and blue feathers, making it one of the most colorful birds in the world.
  • Habitat: They thrive in the humid evergreen forests of the Osa Peninsula.
  • Diet: Their diet is diverse, including fruits, nuts, and seeds.
  • Behavior: Known for their intelligence and strong pair bonds, they often fly in pairs or small groups.


3. Three-wattled Bellbird

  • Appearance: This bird is named for its three worm-like wattles that dangle from its beak.
  • Habitat: They migrate vertically, spending their breeding season in the highlands and non-breeding months in the lowlands.
  • Diet: Primarily fruit eaters, they play a crucial role in seed dispersal.
  • Call: Their bell-like call, one of the loudest bird calls on Earth, can be heard from miles away.


4. Keel-billed Toucan

  • Appearance: Recognizable by its large, rainbow-colored bill, it has a black body with a yellow throat and chest.
  • Habitat: They inhabit the canopies of tropical, subtropical, and lowland rainforests.
  • Diet: While they favor fruit, they also eat insects, eggs, and small reptiles.
  • Behavior: Social birds, often move in flocks and are known for their playful antics.

5. Bare-necked Umbrellabird

  • Appearance: This bird stands out with its umbrella-like crest, bare throat, and deep black plumage.
  • Habitat: They are residents of the lowland rainforests.
  • Diet: Their diet consists of fruits, insects, and occasionally small vertebrates.
  • Call: Their deep, booming calls are distinctive and can be heard echoing through the forest.


Costa Rica’s avian treasures are a testament to the country’s rich biodiversity. Each bird, with its unique characteristics, adds to the tapestry of sounds and colors that make Costa Rica a dream destination for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. Don’t miss the chance to witness these exotic wonders in their natural habitat.