Physis: Photography tours in Costa Rica you'll never forget

Endemic Birds of Costa Rica: Exclusive Avian Treasures

Endemic Birds of Costa Rica: Exclusive Avian Treasures

Coppery-headed Emerald (Elvira cupreiceps)

This hummingbird, with its distinctive copper-colored head, is primarily found in the cloud forests of the Monteverde region.

Cabanis’s Ground-Sparrow (Melozone cabanisi)

Preferring the undergrowth of dry forests and coffee plantations, this sparrow is native to the Central Valley.

Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi)

Unique to the mangrove forests along Costa Rica’s Pacific coast, this bird has a special affinity for the nectar from the tea mangrove’s flowers.

Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium costaricanum)

A resident of the cloud forests in the Talamanca mountain range, this small owl is a true Costa Rican specialty.

Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager (Habia atrimaxillaris)

Found in the humid lowland forests on the Caribbean slope, especially around the Tortuguero area, this bird is a Costa Rican exclusive.

Costa Rican Brushfinch (Atlapetes costaricensis)

Inhabiting the highlands, particularly the undergrowth of humid forests, this brushfinch is another species that calls Costa Rica its only home.


These birds, found exclusively in Costa Rica, are a testament to the country’s unique ecosystems and its commitment to conservation. For bird enthusiasts, spotting one of these endemics is a highlight of any trip to this biodiverse nation.